What is Annular Velocity (AV) and why does it matter?
Annular velocity is key to effective hole cleaning. It is one of the three vital elements, the other two being pipe rotation and low-end rheology of the drilling fluid.
The AVS (Annular Velocity System) maximises AV by utilising its Splitflow position. This allows a higher flowrate for a given surface pressure. In general 150ft/min AV is the minimum required in a high angle well, however, hole cleaning efficiency will always increase with increasing AV and >200ft/min can be considered optimal.
Maximising AV allows the high AV band to extend further around the DP as it lies in the wellbore depicted in the diagrams. High RPM of the DP picks up cuttings in the cuttings bed and throws them into the fluid flow for a rapid exit from the wellbore.
Mud weight also has a high influence on cuttings bed formation as gravity is the major reason for cuttings settling to the lowside. If the difference between the cuttings density and the fluid density can be reduced, the speed at which cuttings settle, can be reduced.